Hay Fever – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Hay fever is one form of allergic rhinitis which comes on at certain times of the year. In most cases it result from the presence of some form of pollen or perhaps fungus in the air. Although it is common called hay fever, it has nothing to do with hay. Pollens from the air at certain times of the year, and many people become allergic to these. Some families seem to have a history of allergy and are more susceptible than others.
Hay fever usually begins with intense itching of the nose and sometimes the roof of the mouth and throat as well. Tears gather in eyes, and is profuse, watery discharge from the nose. This is often accompanied by violent sneezing further itching. Usually there is headache, irritability, sleeplessness, and gastric upsets. There may be severe itching in the skin with giant hives and perhaps asthma at times.
Hay Fever Treatment:
If possible, try to avoid the cause of trouble. Nose drops containing ephedrine sulfate, neosynephrin, and similar substances are useful in clearing the nasal passage and getting rid of the itching sensation. Certain nasal spray are also valuable for this. In more sever cases, steroids, such as prednisolone, are often effective in keeping the patient free from symptoms during the hay fever season, the dose usually being one or two 5mg, tablets a day, as needed. Products containing belladona (Donnatal) may be tried. Desensitizing injections are beneficial in some cases, but maybe disappointing in Trimeton, and other antihistamines, are also useful in keeping the nasal passage clear and free from swelling.